Human Development Division
Human Development Reports in Karnataka – An Overview
Karnataka published its first Human Development Report in 1999. The first
report helped the State to appreciate the existence of sharp socio-economic
disparities between districts. The second State human development report brought
out in 2005 provided a comprehensive analysis of district human development
goals and outcomes especially for vulnerable sections and also examined the
efficacy of service delivery mechanisms.
During 1999-2001, the issue of prevailing regional disparities and the need to address the same through focused interventions became paramount, leading to the constitution of High Power Committee For Redressal of Regional Imbalances (HPCFRRI) under the renowned economist, Dr. Nanjudappa. An attempt was needed to assess the status of human development indicators at the taluk levels. This led to an exercise during 2005-2008 for the preparation of district human development reports for districts of Kalaburagi, Mysuru,Udupi and Vijayapura with the assistance of UNDP. The reports were released in 2010.
It is a matter of pride that the reports of Udupi and Vijayapura districts were nationally recognized. The first ever India Human Development Award – Manava Vikas – was awarded to the DHDR of Udupi district for 'focus on innovation in measurement'.
Preparation of DHDR 2014 for all the districts
Encouraged by the preparation of four DHDRs, Government of Karnataka decided to prepare district human development reports for all the thirty districts in the State simultaneously. Various human development indices have been computed using 126 indicators, except the Composite Dalit Development Index (CDDI).
The DHDRs-2014 of Karnataka, are unique for the following reasons:
- Karnataka is the first State in the country to bring out reports for all its 30 districts simultaneously.
- The Zilla Panchayats have taken the lead in the preparation of the reports.
- A standard Guidelines Document (GD) was developed and implemented to bring about uniformity across districts.
- Over 70 domain experts were involved in the preparation of GD, training design and schedules and also as resource persons for imparting training.
- 25 Lead Agencies who represented reputed social science research institutions, universities and NGOs were involved in the task of writing the district reports.
- Over 750 personnel were trained resulting in massive capacity building in human development.
- Data was collected and validated for determining the values of 126 indicators.
- Seven unique indices relating to human development identified and computed; four small area / micro issues specific to district studied.
- Two districts and three taluk level workshops were conducted in each district during the preparatory stage.
- Quality Monitoring Group(QMG) constituted for each district to ensure quality of reports.
- The draft reports have been peer reviewed.
Preparation of the DHDRs, 2014 of all the 30 districts of the State has been completed. Following is the status of release of DHDRs:
- No. of DHDRs released – 11 (Districts of Haveri, Kodagu, Kalaburagi, Chickkaballapura, Chamrajanagar, Bidar, Yadgir, Udupi, Gadag, Shimoga, and Hassan have released respective DHDRs, 2014 during April / May/June/July/August 2015)
- All the other districts will release their respective DHDRs shortly.
Development of Indices
The DHDR-2014 will present the following indices, namely:
- Human Development Index (HDI) – 11 indicators
- Gender Inequality Index (GII) – 15 indicators
- Child Development Index (CDI) – 3 indicators
- Food Security Index (FSI) – 18 indicators
- District Composite/Composite Taluk Development Index (DCDI/CTDI) – 68 indicators
- Urban Development Index (UDI) – 11 indicators, and
- Composite Dalit Development Index (CDDI), which is a case study in a selected Gram Panchayat of a district.
Results of DHDR-2014
The DHDR in every district will focus more on taluk level human developmental issues that enhance the quality of life, based on a uniform set of indicators with standardized definitions and sources. Further, the Planning, Programme Monitoring and Statistics Department took up the task of preparing a document with an intention to provide succinct and relevant information on key human development and related indices that have been extracted from all 30 DHDRs at a single and easily referable place. The document is entitled, “Human Development: Performance of Districts, Taluks and Urban Local Bodies in Karnataka, 2014 – A snapshot”. It presents details on the relative performance of districts / taluks/ urban local bodies (ULBs) on various indices. The document captures the essence of all 30 DHDRs in a nutshell and which is being released very shortly by Hon’ble Chief Minister of Karnataka. The soft copies of all these documents will be made available on the respective districts' websites and the department's website: www.planning.kar.nic.in.
Karnataka State Human Development Report 2015
The third State Human Development Report is being prepared by a team of experts. The report is expected to be finalized during 2015/2016.
Human Development Index of Grama Panchyats
There are over 6000 Grama Panchyats (revised) in the State. The Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department in consultation has planned to compute Human Development Index for all the Grama Panchyats in the State using the same set of indicators which were used for computing Human Development Index for the District Human Development Reports. Training for functionaries at the Grama Panchyat level is on through SATCOM arranged by SIRD, Mysore.